The Urban Disadvantage: How Geography Shapes Women’s Turnout in Pakistan

Project Duration: 2023 to 2024

Grant Name: Subnational Variation in Women’s Voter Turnout

Using data from the 2018 National Elections in Pakistan, we identify a puzzle: despite higher education, greater agency and lower household dependency ratios, women in Pakistan’s urban areas turnout to vote at lower rates than their rural counterparts. Through the use of primary and secondary data, this project aims to develop an inductive place-based theory of women’s voter turnout highlighting the role of mobilization, mobility and preference divergence to help understand the “gendered urban disadvantage”. 

Research Outputs