State capacity to deliver public goods and services demanded by an electorate is key to the democratic process. This research cluster underscores pressing issues that diminish state capacity – such as weak fiscal capacity, lack of public action, bottlenecks in institutional accountability, and escalating conflict – and engages with challenges surrounding the political efficacy of policy reform in the context of these issues. Strengthening rule of law and democratic participation is critical for effective citizenship rights, creating socio-economic mobility and catalysing economic growth. This cluster adopts interdisciplinary approaches that emphasize intersections between institutions, interests, and processes on the one hand and structures of political power and social relations on the other to evolve a socially relevant discourse on governance and institutional reform. The cluster projects focus primarily on empirically analysing the effectiveness of reform options, and will specifically focus on issues of equity and access to policing and justice.
The Political Economy of Progressive Property Tax Reform: Evidence from Pakistan
This report examines the policy challenges that are hindering the recurrent Urban Immovable Property Tax (UIPT) from acting as an instrument of sustainable financing for urban public services in Punjab, Pakistan. It also discusses policy reform options to get the property tax policy back on track.
EGAP Metaketa V: Gender, Collective Action, and Local Services in Pakistan
How can women be better mobilized to participate in consultative processes that would likely improve public services provision?
The Urban Disadvantage: How Geography Shapes Women’s Turnout in Pakistan
Using data from the 2018 National Elections in Pakistan, we identify a puzzle: despite higher education, greater agency and lower household dependency ratios, women in Pakistan’s urban areas turnout to vote at lower rates than their rural counterparts. Through the use of primary and secondary data, this project aims to develop an inductive place-based theory of women’s voter turnout highlighting the role of mobilization, mobility and preference divergence to help understand the “gendered urban disadvantage”.
Exercising Her Right: Civic and Political Pathways to Women’s Political Participation in Pakistan
This project sets out to design and evaluate the effectiveness of strategies to increase women’s voter participation in the 2018 General Elections.
Election 2018: Political Attitudes Survey
A political attitudes survey designed to capture voter perceptions in the 2018 Elections
Crime, Policing and State Building
IDEAS, in collaboration with the Lahore Police, aims to establish a project that provides an understanding of where and why crime occurs, what policing strategies, including the use of ICT, are effective in mitigating crime and what factors hinder efficient investigation and processing of criminal cases.